The Top 10 Facts about this Public Interest Litigation

Bonus fact: oppressors love to set their self-serving narratives first because their underlying goals are always to strengthen their reputation, power, and wealth.

All artwork can be downloaded for free at the link below; the Top 10 Facts series starts at Poster 026.


Poster 026 ⤤

Out of 158 administrative districts, Kota Belud, Sabah, is ranked 134th in median monthly household income (RM3,025) and 152nd in income inequality (the poorest 50% of Kota Beludians earn only 22% of all income). More than 1 of 3 of Kota Beludians live in absolute poverty.



Poster 027 ⤤

The claimed events occurred when she was 15 years old and she filed her case in High Court when she was 18 years old, the youngest age possible. She is the sole plaintiff, acting as the representative of her class, and has sued her teacher all the way to the Federal Government, including the Prime Minister, under the Education Act, the Federal Constitution, the Public Officers Regulations of 1993, and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.



Poster 028 ⤤

In 2000, Sabah politicians claimed to be interested and spoke out against extremely absent teachers. 20% of Malaysia's principals admitted teacher absenteeism affected student learning in 2009. In 2013, the Ministry of Education "Melindungi Masa Instruksional" referenced "guru tiada di kelas" over 20 times in a 263-page report. The Ministry of Education again admitted in 2017 one of its employee was absent for 2,002 days (over five years), meanwhile government salary expenses rose from RM22 billion in 2003 to RM47 billion in 2016.



Poster 029 ⤤

According to the Statement of Claim, 2nd Defendant school principal Suid intimidated the 15 and 16-year-old students to take blame for the 1st Defendant Jainal's seven months of absences. Then, Siti Nafirah claims, 1st Defendant Jainal and 2nd Defendant Suid fabricated the attendance book (buku kawalan). Further in her High Court Statement of Claim, the 4th Defendant Kota Belud District Education Officer took "positive steps" to conceal the absenteeism. Ultimately in her Statement of Claim, the 5th Defendant Sabah State Education Director took "positive steps" to conceal the 1st Defendant Jainal's seven months of absences.



Poster 030 ⤤

The culture of silence is ending. Would you want to work for an employer who demanded you work for your salary, but they paid their extremely absent employees and expected you to pick up the slack? "Saya sebegai guru pun tak suka cikgu yg bermasalah makan gaji buta ini. Kena amanah dalam menjalankan tanggungjawab: halalkan gaji baru hidup diberkatikan". "I support this movement fully because as someone who is part of the system itself, I would like to see a clean edu system, esp to get rid of corrupt school leaders."



Poster 031 ⤤

MACC Sabah's Deputy Commissioner Awang Bungso stated cases were serious including "submitting false claims, falsifying documents, and breach of trust." He continued that their modus operandi includes "falsifying certain documents" and a culture of abetting school authorities was also an offence.



Poster 032 ⤤

The Ministry of Education's SOP demands that any officer's absence ("tidak hadir bertugas") be investigated and submitted to the disciplinary board within five (5) total days. Not five days of absences, but any single absence must be investigated fully at the school level within five days. This circular was re-distributed by the Ministry's often-derided Integrity Department. It states "any officer who fails to assert authority over his or her subordinates...shall be deemed negligent and is irresponsible."



Poster 033 ⤤

Sabah, with over 1.1 million children, has more children than Perak, Terengganu, and W.P. Putrajaya combined. Yet Sabah's Gred Purata Negeri is the lowest in the nation; Sabah's 2017 SPM scores are lower than almost every other state's 2010 scores. Meanwhile, Sabah has the lowest monthly wages, the longest years required from a median salary to afford a home, and consistently has one of Malaysia's highest levels of income inequality.



Poster 034 ⤤

In 2013, a mother of another SMK Taun Gusi student filed a police report alleging her son was beaten unconscious by school bullies and was then canned until he was bloody by 2nd Defendant Suid's school officers. In late 2018, MACC arrested 11 police officers, who had all worked at the Kota Belud Narcotics Crime Investigation Department, under a protection racket in coordination with drug dealers. In mid-2020, another Kota Belud English teacher under 4th Defendant Kota Belud District Education Department was sentenced to 11 years jail for sexual offences against an 8-year-old primary school girl.



Poster 035 ⤤

Siti Nafirah is an orphan: her father passed away when she was 7 years old. Raised by her mother, Siti Nafirah is the only daughter and the youngest of five children. Her family had moved closer to SMK Taun Gusi purely to be closer to the schools and to be taken care of by her grandmother. And at 15 years old, she was in Form 4 when she claimed to have reported, among other reports, her alleged seven-month absent teacher. In the Statement of Claim, she states her entire class failed their Form 4 English exams.



"The culture of fear for speaking up must end.”

Palau Sapi, Sabah | Fahrul Azmi ⤤ on Unsplash ⤤